Coffee! It’s here there and everywhere. Well-marketed coffee houses are located on nearly every corner, selling the popular beverage in overpriced oversized disposable cups with lovely logos. What is this clever concoction, and why is it so popular? Is it good for your health? Let’s investigate beginning with some fun facts about coffee.
Coffee traces its origin to a genus of plants known as Coffea. Within the genus there are over 50 genera and 6,00 species of tropical trees and shrubs. In the commercial coffee industry, there are two important coffee species — Arabica and Canephora (more commonly called Robusta).
All coffee is grown between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. These names represent two imaginary "lines" that circle our globe approximately 23 degrees north and south of the equator. Here in the "middle of the world", the climate is warm and humid - necessary conditions for growing the sensitive coffee plant.
Although there are more than 60 varieties of coffee that grow in the world, only two are commercially cultivated. These are Arabica and Robusta.